Archives par mot-clé : Guerre du Viêt-Nam

Phương Liên : Ra mắt sách ‘Thanh niên xung phong anh hùng’

Annoncée sur le site officiel du gouvernement de la RSVN : sortie prévue d’un ouvrage commémoratif en trois tomes en hommage aux Jeunesses de choc du Viêt-Nam. Le tome 1 est paru le 7 juillet à l’occasion du 70e anniversaire des blessés et martyrs, le tome 2 paraîtra le 30 septembre et le tome 3 le 15 décembre.

(Chinhphu.vn) – Chiều 7/7, Hội Cựu Thanh niên xung phong (TNXP) Việt Nam đã giới thiệu cuốn sách “Thanh niên xung phong anh hùng” tập 1 nhân dịp kỷ niệm 70 năm ngày Thương binh-Liệt sĩ (27/7/1947-27/7/2017).

Lire la suite : VGP News, 07/07/2017.

Voir aussi :

Giới thiệu bộ sách “Thanh niên xung phong Việt Nam anh hùng”, QĐND Online, 08/07/2017 – Chiều 7-7, tại Hà Nội, Hội cựu Thanh niên Xung phong Việt Nam đã tổ chức giới thiệu bộ sách “Thanh niên Việt Nam anh hùng”.

Thanh niên xung phong Việt Nam anh hùng, TP Online, 08/07/2017.

Image « à la une » : © 2017 Tien Phong Online

Elizabeth D. Herman : The Women Who Fought for Hanoi

Signalement d’un article sur l’engagement des femmes du côté de la RDVN (Hanoi) à travers cinq témoignages.

Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap, who had led the North Vietnamese military during the Vietnam War, was looking for the woman who had shot down an American bomber in June 1968. In the nearly four decades that had passed, she had worked many jobs and raised three children. Few people outside her family had heard her wartime stories.

Heroines and striking female figures are not new in Vietnam — they have played an integral role in Vietnamese history for millenniums. In the 1st century A.D., the Trung sisters, often called Vietnam’s earliest national patriots, led a three-year rebellion against the Chinese Han dynasty, which ruled their country. The female legacy persists in the modern era; in all of Vietnam’s recent conflicts, women have been crucial. They fought alongside men and carried heavy loads down the Ho Chi Minh Trail.

Yet as the historian Karen G. Turner notes in her book “Even the Women Must Fight,” “Women warriors, so essential to Vietnam’s long history and so important in the most photographed war in history, have remained invisible.”

Lire la suite / Read more : New York Times, 07/06/2017.

Elizabeth D. Herman is a freelance photographer and a doctoral student in political science at the University of California, Berkeley

Marilyn B. Young : 1937-2017

Nous avons appris le décès de l’historienne Marilyn B. Young, Professeure d’histoire à l’Université de New York. Elle est l’auteure de plusieurs ouvrages de référence sur la Chine et la guerre du Viêt-Nam.

Marilyn B. Young en 2011 © DR

Thanks to a generous anonymous grant, Marilyn B. Young was able to attend Harvard University on full scholarship, provided she learned Chinese and wrote a thesis in the field of US-East Asian relations. This, in due course she did, under the direction of Ernest R. May and John King Fairbank, who nicely book-ended the subject matter. The thesis, and subsequent book, Rhetoric of Empire, put 19th century American policy towards China in an international context, examining the Notes as the emerged out of the crisis of the Boxer Rebellion. Her subsequent scholarship has had a dual track: to understand both American imperialism and those who fought against it, at home and abroad.

Lire sa fiche profil sur le site de l’Université de New York

Voir également :

  • Christy Thornton & Stuart Schrader, « Marilyn Young (1937–2017)« , Jacobin Mag, 24/02/2017. Militarism runs deep in the United States, but historian Marilyn Young never gave up believing that it could be overcome.

Women at war: The crucible of Vietnam

Parution d’un article intéressant sur les femmes vétérans de la guerre du Viêt-Nam. Accès libre sur Science Direct, mise en ligne le 15 janvier 2017.

Auteur.e.s :

  • Anica Pless Kaiser, VA National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston University School of Medicine
  • Daniel H. Kabat, Gold Health Strategies, Inc., New York
  • Avron Spiro III, Massachusetts Veterans Epidemiology Research and Information Center, VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston University Schools of Public Health and Medicine
  • Eve H. Davison, VA National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston University School of Medicine
  • Jeanne Mager Stellman, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York

 

Highlights

• Physical health of women deployed to Vietnam was influenced by warzone experiences.
• Career military women Vietnam veterans are happier than women in general population.
• Military and non-military Vietnam service women less likely to marry or have kids.
• Paper provides insight to mostly unstudied lives of American women of Vietnam War.

Abstract

Relatively little has been written about the military women who served in Vietnam, and there is virtually no literature on deployed civilian women (non-military). We examined the experiences of 1285 American women, military and civilian, who served in Vietnam during the war and responded to a mail survey conducted approximately 25 years later in which they were asked to report and reflect upon their experiences and social and health histories.

We compare civilian women, primarily American Red Cross workers, to military women stratified by length of service, describe their demographic characteristics and warzone experiences (including working conditions, exposure to casualties and sexual harassment), and their homecoming following Vietnam. We assess current health and well-being and also compare the sample to age- and temporally-comparable women in the General Social Survey (GSS), with which our survey shared some measures.

Short-term (<10 years) military service women (28%) were more likely to report their Vietnam experience as “highly stressful” than were career (>20 years; 12%) and civilian women (13%). Additional differences regarding warzone experiences, homecoming support, and health outcomes were found among groups. All military and civilian women who served in Vietnam were less likely to have married or have had children than women from the general population, χ2 (8) = 643.72, p < .001. Career military women were happier than women in the general population (48% were “very happy”, as compared to 38%). Civilian women who served in Vietnam reported better health than women in the other groups. Regression analyses indicated that long-term physical health was mainly influenced by demographic characteristics, and that mental health and PTSD symptoms were influenced by warzone and homecoming experiences. Overall, this paper provides insight into the experiences of the understudied women who served in Vietnam, and sheds light on subgroup differences within the sample.

Lire l’article : Science Direct

Permalien DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2017.01.003

Image « à la une » : Vietnam Women’s Memorial, Washington DC © 2014 FG

Cục Người có công “bác” đề nghị công nhận Liệt sỹ cho nữ thanh niên xung phong ngã ba Đồng Lộc

Un article sur les critères de sélection pour recevoir la pension au titre des « Martyrs ». Un titre actuellement refusé à Mme Trần Thị Xanh ancienne des Jeunesses de choc, blessée au Carrefour de Dong Loc en 1967 pendant la guerre et décédée en 1983.

Phúc đáp văn bản của Sở LĐTBXH Hà Tĩnh, Cục Người có công (Bộ LĐTBXH) cho rằng trường hợp bà Trần Thị Xanh (quê Đức Thọ, Hà Tĩnh), là nữ thanh niên xung phong bị thương tại Ngã ba Đồng Lộc, không đủ điều kiện công nhận liệt sỹ.

Ngày 14.12.2016, Cục Người có công ra văn bản số 2888 « Về việc xác nhận liệt sỹ » do Phó Cục trưởng Nguyễn Duy Kiên ký, phúc đáp công văn của Sở LĐTBXH Hà Tĩnh. Theo đó, Cục Người có công cho rằng trường hợp bà Trần Thị Xanh, là thanh niên xung phong, bị thương tại Ngã ba Đồng Lộc năm 1967, mất năm 1983 vì vết thương tái phát, không thuộc diện xét công nhận Liệt sỹ.

Cục Người có công căn cứ  Mục II, Công văn số 274-NC ngày 7.4.1970 của Phủ Thủ tướng về việc hướng dẫn tiêu chuẩn xét công nhận liệt sỹ, « những trường hợp bị tra tấn sau bị ốm chết và những trường hợp bị thương tật sau vì vết thương cũ tái phát mà chết phải là những trường hợp chết liền hoặc chết sau một thời gian rất ngắn…mới được xét công nhận liệt sỹ ».

[…]

Ông Đào Văn Tinh, Chủ tịch Hội Cựu TNXP tỉnh Hà Tĩnh nói: “Về bản chất, bà Xanh rất xứng đáng là Liệt sỹ. Bà Xanh chưa làm được thương binh, có trách nhiệm của các cơ quan hữu quan. Luật có những điều chưa sát thực tế thì cần điều chỉnh, chứ để bỏ sót người có công là có tội”.

Lire la suite : Lao Dong, 15/01/2017.